Indicator 4. Precisely and extensively determined circle of with the public official related persons that are also subjected to the rules regarding the prevention of conflict of interest

Closely related persons to the public official may present a “weak link” and potential threat to the goal of preserving impartial discharge of public function (for the reasons of potential bypassing of rules by using these persons in order to achieve personal, illegal benefit) and must be hence specified by law.


All the countries that were analyzed in this study show high level of compliance with the international standards regarding these issues, hence they all got the highest grade: fully in line with the standards.

Current state of play

The chart below shows the score of each indicator. You may change the sorting order by clicking on Ascending or Descending. You may also filter the data by clicking on the country name.

Highest Score

Average, 2021