Indicator 1. Existence of obligation and procedure clearly established within the primary legislation for reporting a possible conflict of interest by a public official

The existence of the clearly established procedure for the public official to report the possible CoI is apart from its obvious necessity for maintaining impartiality in discharge of public function also important as a mean of public official’s demonstration of willingness for avoiding and resolving such situations. The mere declaration of possible CoI does not necessarily mean that the conflict is actually taking place, but it supports the impartial approach and straightens the tendency towards objective unbiased procedure


All of the analyzed countries successfully implement the necessary provisions within their primary legislation, while more precise rules are to be found within of secondary legislation.

Current state of play

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Highest Score

Average, 2021