Indicator 5. Existence of obligation stipulated by law for the public official’s authority to create, keep and regularly publish the records on gifts

Keeping records on the received (or offered gifts) and the regular publishing of those records present an important preventive measure in order to avoid conflict of interest and corruption. This relates especially to office holders because of the nature of their position and tasks


Most of the analyzed countries` legislations contain rules on the duty to keep record on gifts and make them publicly avaiable, while in some of them, that also deal with institutional issues on this matter, the provisions are of general nature.

Current state of play

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Highest Score

Average, 2021