Indicator 4. Certain activities such as teaching, researching and creative activities of artists and writers should be treated as an exception to the general ban on the accumulation of functions and additional employment

The given activities are to be treated as an exception to general ban on concurrent since they are widely appreciated as activities of a broader social significance.


All the countries in this report have some sort of exceptions when the particular types of activities are in question, when it comes to the accumulation of functions and concurrent employment. The scope and fields of application however differ because in some countries the list of allowed (desirably) exceptional activities is set narrower in comparison to others.

Current state of play

The chart below shows the score of each indicator. You may change the sorting order by clicking on Ascending or Descending. You may also filter the data by clicking on the country name.

Highest Score

Average, 2021