Indicator 3. Existence of a reasonable possibility at the discretion of the superior official or competent state authority to allow approvals for additional employment in the private sector and the accumulation of public office in cases of non-conflict of interest

Giving the superior officer the authority to decide upon request of the public official to perform concurrent employment represents the additional level of control whether the given situation leads or may lead to conflict of interest, despite all prescribed conditions being fulfilled. This possibility is also desirable for all the situations that could not be foreseen by law.


The legislation of the countries analyzed is in some cases incomplete or non-existent when this indicator is in question. Discretionary power to allow approvals is mostly not explicitly stated, but rather comes out of other provisions concerning concurrent employment.

Current state of play

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Highest Score

Average, 2021